Sharing is caring!
Special Guest: Charlotte Rouchouze, www.thechildrenstable.com
Pick up any medical journal or health magazine and it won’t be long before you hear some discussion about the health benefits of probiotics and fermented foods. interest in how the microbial world improves your child’s health is a lot more than a fad or craze; it is becoming fundamental to understanding how your child stays healthy. This knowledge is literally transforming medicine. That is why today’s pedcast is so crucial and why we are so lucky to have one of my favorite guests returning to portable functional Pediatrics, Dr. Charlotte Rouchouze, a food expert and host of the popular blog, The Children’s Table. welcome Dr. Rouchouze- thank you so much for taking time to join me and my audience today.
Q1. first of all, what the heck is fermentation?
CR: first and foremost, fermentation is a transformation. It is a way of transforming food using undetectable yeasts and microbes that are naturally occurring in the environment. In a way we might think of it as harnessing decay for our own uses. The automobiles for this improvement can include a variety of “bugs” such as yeast or lactobacilli- they’re the little people that do the work, generally digesting certain parts of the food and altering it in various ways. Specifically, the process normally involves converting sugars to alcohols, gases, or acids. If starch or sugar-rich foods are left to ferment with active yeast, the fermentation will produce carbon dioxide, invite probiotic bacteria, and slowly convert carbohydrates to alcohol.
Fermentation has been used for thousands of years as a way of preserving food, but with the development of modern processed food, fermentation was mainly replaced with other methods that are less time consuming to produce, a lot more consistent, and allow food to be kept at any temperature and humidity. These include high heat canning, freezing, the development and use of shelf-stable fats and preservatives, and maybe a lot of importantly, refining, which reduces the perishability of food by eliminating the perishable parts. but we’re realizing there was a lot more to fermented foods than longer life. and the new methods strip some important things from standard preserved food.
Q2. how is a fermented food different than non-fermented foods and why must parents care if a food is fermented or not?
CR: The resulting food is different in a variety of ways. 1) normally it is a lot more digestible and has a lot more easily available nutrients; 2) it is protected from spoilage thanks to the fermenting bacteria and resulting acids pushing away the hazardous bacteria; 3) it may have a lower glycemic load thanks to the microorganisms consuming the sugars. For example, sourdough bread has been shown to have a lower glycemic load than plain white bread. 4) it has a special and enhanced flavor; and finally 5) it is enriched with all the microorganisms that do all this work, which have been shown to improve gut health.
Now, I did learn that just because a food is fermented, doesn’t indicate it necessarily still has live cultures. So there is a distinction to be made there. once bread is baked, the cultures are killed. If a product is boiled or pasteurized following fermentation, it will no longer consist of live bacteria. Similarly, alcohol no longer consists of probiotics as far as I know. You can still derive certain benefits from fermented foods such as digestibility, boosted availability of vitamins, etc. without there being live cultures, but the benefits that you hear about relating to probiotics would require a product that is live, and would a lot of likely be found in the fresh or refrigerated sections of the grocery store.
Q3. What about kids? how can kids get health and nutrition benefits from fermented foods?
सम्बन्धित सप्ताहन्त प्रतिबिम्ब
CR: kids with digestive problems might be the most likely to benefit from fermented foods. The benefit can be either from the live probiotics or from the enhanced digestibility from fermented foods. For example, you might give your child plenty of live cultures in the form of yogurt. In addition, if yoususpect your child (or you for that matter), has a problem digesting certain foods, you could explore fermented versions. So if you have a hard time digesting milk, yogurt and cheese are likely to be much easier on you. trouble with soy? try miso or tempeh, which are fermented. similarly for gluten, whole grains, etc. often even a basic soak with yogurt, buttermilk, or other lactic acid starter will considerably improve the digestibility. Fermenting can also lower the glycemic load of a food, if you’re interested in controlling sugars. Sourdough white bread has a lower glycemic index than regular white bread, for example.
PS –Probiotics also shorten diarrheal illness, minimize the frequency of illness, and lower the chance a child will acquire an antibiotic-associated diarrhea. We’ve also found a benefit for babies and children if their moms consumed probiotics late in pregnancy. Those children have lower incidence of allergies and eczema.
Q4. Where can we find them?
CR: There are plenty of fermented foods at the supermarket, but if you’re trying to find living cultures, i.e. probiotics, it’s a bit tougher because of the fact that these delicate bacteria don’t mix so easily with our mass-market food industry. So you may need to either go to specialty stores or make your own if you want them live. but high quality yogurt, kefir, fresh sauerkraut or pickles, kombucha (a fermented tea) are all good options. look for the ‘Live and active’ seal on yogurt, or a package that specifies that it consists of live cultures. Asian stores have lots of fermented products, such as miso (soy), kimchee and lots of other pickles, fish sauce, and more. Miso, which does consist of live cultures, is a really terrific product to use at home, and it lasts a long time in the refrigerator. I’ll give you a recipe that I love that you can use as a quick sauce for noodles or a dip for pretty much anything.
Another area of exploration if you’re up for some experimenting is to use cultures on your own to make things. You can use a high quality packaged food such as yogurt or kombucha that you can then propagate on your own. Or, some yeasts and lactobacilli can be cultivated from just raw ingredients. I have a sourdough starter that I started about a year ago, and with it, I can ferment and rise any dough. So one batch of sourdough that you cultivate using only water and flour can be used indefinitely to swiftly ferment all kinds of flour. You can read about this kind of experimenting in Sandor Katz’s books and on his website. Basically, if you leave live cultures in a warm place with a lot more carbohydrates, they will act on those and continue to multiply. live cultures from yogurt can be used to make lots of other soured dairy products, crème fraiche, etc. or to make fermented cereals. It turns out that a lot of standard societies eat both their dairy and their grains in fermented form, and lots of of these can be simply made at home. try soaking oatmeal with twice the volume of water and a couple tablespoons of yogurt, leaving it at room temperature the night before you plan to eat it. The next day, you can either eat it as is or heat as usual. This results in a wonderful, creamy and slightly tangy oatmeal cereal. See recipe below.
Related Facts about Covid19
It’s possible that a lot of people have lost their taste for fermented food, considering that they typically have a tangy, or even “funky” flavor. but once you have recultivated a taste for standard fermentation, nothing will replace that complexity and yes, funk.
Soon you might find yourself fermenting everything! You may end up with loads of bubbling jars on your counter and a spouse whining about funky smells coming out of the fridge. No personal experience here of course…
PS: sounds like fun, and maybe a good way to get your child interested in science and cooking at the same time. Dr. Rouchouze, I can’t thank you enough for sharing some of your knowledge with my audience and me today. I love learning lots of of the new things bring us. For a lot more terrific content about yogurts, cooking, kids, and life in general, make sure you start following Dr. Rouchouze’s blog, www.thechildrenstable.com I know you will take pleasure in the experience. This is Doc Smo, thanking you for helping make portable functional Pediatrics one of the most successful child health blogs out there. until next time.
Recipes to try:
Irish Oatmeal (adapted from Sally Fallon, Nourishing Traditions)
1 cup quick cooking steel cut Note: Fallon recommends toasting and grinding whole oats, but I have simply used quick cooking steel cut oats. Toasting is an additional optional step. You could also use rolled oats if desired
2 cups warm filtered water
4 tablespoons yogurt, kefir, whey, or buttermilk with live cultures
1 tsp sea salt
1 ½ cups filtered water.
Combine oats, warm water, and yogurt in a large jar or container, and cover. Leave in a warm spot for 7-24 hours.जब खानको लागि तयार हुन्छ, एक अतिरिक्त 1 ½ कप पानी ल्याउनुहोस्, भिन्केको द्रुतल थप्नुहोस्, र धेरै कम गर्मीमा पकाउनुहोस्, धेरै मिनेटसम्म आरामदायी छ। तपाईंले प्रयोग गर्ने कस्तो नातीले तपाईंले प्रयोग गर्नुभएकोमा निर्भर गर्दछ, यसले धेरै वा कम समय लिन सक्दछ।
सम्बन्धित होमोफोथले स्वास्थ्य अवस्थाको ठूलो श्रृंखलाको लागि काम गर्दछ
वैकल्पिक विधि: Mogoo पोर्च्रिज- दहीको लागि 2 TSP MEPO र नुन हटाउन। माथि विस्तृत रूपमा जारी राख्नुहोस्।
संलेब ताहिनी ड्रेसिंग (ISA बाट रेसिपीले यो गर्छ, आजको चन्द्र मस्कूटज द्वारा)
½ कप ¾ कप पानी
¼ कप mellowe सेतो मीठो
¼ कप ताहिनी (सेम पेस्ट)
1 लसुन लसुन
ब्लेन्डरमा सबै कम्पोनेन्टहरू मिश्रण गर्नुहोस् र मनपर्दो मोटाईमा मिश्रण गर्नुहोस्। भुटेको तरकारीहरूमा सेवा गर्नुहोस्, सम्पूर्ण गहुँ वा Buckheat चाउचाउ, वा कन्टेलहरू।
सिफारिश गरिएको किताबहरू र लेखहरू:
Sander Katz गर्लनको कला, चेल्स ग्रीन प्रकाशन, सेतो नदी जंक्शन, VT, 2012।
Sally फसल पोषण पोषण परम्परा, नयाँ प्रवृत्तिहरू प्रकाशन, 2001।
प्राधिकरणको रोटीको बिषयमा लेखक माइकल पोलान:
उपभोक्ताले दहीको स्कोर रिपोर्ट गर्दछ:
यस पोष्टमा लिंक गर्नुहोस्:
Share this post